Head lice are parasites found only on humans. They live averagely for 30 days, spend their entire lives on the hair and scalp and are mostly common in children.
Head lice feed on blood, which they draw by biting the skin 4-5 times daily to feed, which usually causes an itchy sensation.
Head lice differ in size according to age. A louse has six legs and a pair of claws that grip the hair tightly. The color of lice can vary between grey, brown or red, so they are often difficult to notice.
Lice live close to the scalp, especially in warmer areas such as behind the ears and the neck. They cannot jump, fly or swim, and infestation is usually caused through direct contact between heads, on which lice can walk.
During its lifetime, a louse lays about 10 eggs per day, usually in the area close to the hair base and behind the ears. As it lays the nits, it secretes a sticky substance which binds the eggs to the hair and makes it difficult to remove even when using a thick lice comb, shampoo conditioner and other treatments currently available on the market.
The nit is tiny, shiny, round in shape and yellow or white in color. After the nits are laid, at the end of 7 days, the lice are hatched and after 10 days they reach adulthood and start laying nits as well, beginning a new lice colony.
To break the lice life-cycle, the best natural lice treatment offered by Novokid will require the use of all 4 capsules in the pack. The second treatment to be used after 24 hours from original one followed by two additional treatments: after one and after two weeks following the original care. For additional information carefully read the user manual insert located in the Novokid capsule pack.
Lice cannot jump or fly as one would think. They are spread by personal contact or the sharing of combs, brushes, towels, clothing and bedding.
The main sign is itching and scratching. When lice lay their eggs, they inject saliva into the blood to prevent clotting. This saliva causes the itching and sometimes causes small bumps and soars on the scalp. The itching usually begins after 8 weeks of infection.
Lice are very resistant and have developed a strong immunity to most treatments found on the market today. Lice and eggs that endure these treatments continue to multiply on a child’s head, even if the parent has completed both the treatment and the combing. The problem is repeated when children go to kindergarten or school and come into contact with the heads of children who have not been treated thoroughly. This is why we often see the recurrence of the problem after a few days, even following treatment. To ensure the prevention of lice infestation, it is recommended to use only products that have been shown to be effective in preventing head lice and to be used once a week.